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Linux is a family of open source Unix-like operating systems based on the Linux kernel, an operating system kernel first released on September 17, 1991 by Linus Torvalds. Linux is typically packaged in a Linux distribution (or distro for short).

Distributions include the Linux kernel and supporting system software and libraries, many of which are provided by the GNU Project. Many Linux distributions use the word "Linux" in their name, but the Free Software Foundation uses the name GNU/Linux to emphasize the importance of GNU software, causing some controversy.


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Once again I try to get a handle of my various dotfiles and configs. This time I take another stab at gnu stow as it is often recommended. I do not understand it.

Here's how I understand it: I'm supposed to manually move all my files into a new directory where the original are. So for ~ I make like this:

  - dotfiles
      - bash
      - xdg
            - dot-config
      - tealdeer
            - dot-config
                - tealdeer

then cd ~/dotfiles && stow --dotfiles .

Then (if I very carefully created each directory tree) it will symlink those files back to where they came from like this:

   - .config
      - tealdeer

I don't really understand what this application is doing because setting up the dotfiles directory is a lot more work than making symlinks afterwards. Every instructions tells me to make up this directory structure by hand but that seems to tedious with so many configs; isn't there some kind of automation to it?

Once the symlinks are created then what?

  • Tutorials don't really mention it but the actual manual gives me the impression this is a packager manager in some way and that's confusing. Lots of stuff about compiling

  • I see about how to combine it with git. Tried git-oriented dotfile systems before and they just aren't practical for me. And again I don't see what stow contributing; git would be doing all the work there.

  • Is there anything here about sharing configs between non-identical devices? Not everything can be copy/pasted exactly. Are you supposed to be making git branches or something?

The manual is not gentle enough to learn from scratch. OTOH there are very very short tutorials which offer little information.

I feel that I'm really missing the magic that's obvious to everyone else.


Hello. I recently acquired a Surface Go (1st gen, 4 GB RAM, 64 GB EMMC) and installed Fedora Workstation (and Phosh as a second DE). I do not have a keyboard for this device, so usually, I have to use the on-screen keyboard. Entering a sufficiently secure password whenever I wake it from sleep or need elevated permissions/sudo is not practical, but I don't think a 6-8 digit numerical PIN is sufficient.

The Surface supports Windows Hello, but neither the vanilla nor the Linux-Surface kernel currently supports the IR camera. On my main laptop, I use a fingerprint sensor. I must use my good password to decrypt the drive (though this is bypassed by TPM) and unlock the keychain on first boot or after logging out, but afterwards, I can use my fingerprint to unlock from sleep, run sudo commands, and elevate my permissions.

It seems like there are PAM modules for smart keys and TOTP 2FA, though the latter is more cumbersome, and I don't know if I can authenticate FIDO or U2F from my phone over Bluetooth. I asked on the Linux-Surface matrix, and someone suggested KDE/GS Connect, which allows commands, but I would want something I could do near-instantly, either with a prompt or homescreen shortcut plus smartphone biometrics, and I want to be able to authenticate while logged in, i.e. for sudo, not just unlocking the homescreen.

I am not an expert, and security is not something I really want to go in blind on. Does anyone have experience, ideas, guidance or an up-to-date tutorial? I feel this is an acceptable compromise between usability and security, and it would make using it casually much easier.


cross-posted from:

Believe it or not, an unexpected conflict has arisen in the openSUSE community with its long-time supporter and namesake, the SUSE company.

At the heart of this tension lies a quiet request that has stirred not-so-quiet ripples across the open source landscape: SUSE has formally asked openSUSE to discontinue using its brand name.

Richard Brown, a key figure within the openSUSE project, shared insights into the discussions that have unfolded behind closed doors.

Despite SUSE’s request’s calm and respectful tone, the implications of not meeting it could be far-reaching, threatening the symbiotic relationship that has benefited both entities over the years.


Gimp in IT@school Ubuntu fork 14

my initial Linux distro


I had an Aspire One D270 laptop with a 32-bit Intel Atom CPU and 1 gigabyte of RAM, so I installed Debian with Xfce on it, but even then it's running way too slow.

Is there anything I can do to make the laptop faster and more responsive given its limited memory?


Hello i'm searching for buy a laptop, i want to set a Linux OS but i didn't chose yet if you want u can recommend SO also, but i want a rolling release one, what i want is a laptop to carry practically everywhere, my budget is 500€ but if i like it too much it could go up to 1100, I need minimun of 16GB because when i work i don't close the tabs, once i've stacked up to 258, i would like a minimun of 512 gb of space, and i'll use the laptop to programming (currently im studing programation), i would like also do my own thinks such a web server, stream server, minecraft server and maybe a casual game such minecraft CS2 or The Binding of Isaac. The keyboard is important ,for me atleast, the Lenovo keyboards i hate them, i like LG or Asus/Acer, all of these i would like to dont open/modify the base laptop, I dont like to open the pc. I know the budget is impossible to catch something with all that but these are orientative objectives, and as I said it can go up to 1100€, one i've seen and i liked very much is these the 1600€ but is so expensive for me, but i like it very much even the concept


publication croisée depuis :

PeerTube is a decentralized and federated alternative to YouTube. The goal of PeerTube is not to replace YouTube but to offer a viable alternative using the strength of ActivityPub and P2P protocols.

Being built on ActivityPub means PeerTube is able to be part of a bigger social network, the Fediverse (the Federated Universe). On the other hand, P2P technologies help PeerTube to solve the issue of money, inbound with all streaming platform : With PeerTube, you don't need to have a lot of bandwidth available on your server to host a PeerTube platform because all users (which didn't disable the feature) watching a video on PeerTube will be able to share this same video to other viewers.

If you are curious about PeerTube, I can't recommend you enough to check the official website to learn more about the project. If after that you want to try to use PeerTube as a content creator, you can try to find a platform available there to register or host yourself your own PeerTube platform on your own server.

The development of PeerTube is actually sponsored by Framasoft, a french non-for-profit popular educational organization, a group of friends convinced that an emancipating digital world is possible, convinced that it will arise through actual actions on real world and online with and for you!

Framasoft is also involved in the development of Mobilizon, a decentralized and federated alternative to Facebook Events and Meetup.

If you want to contribute to PeerTube, feel free to:

submitted 2 days ago* (last edited 23 hours ago) by to c/

... I mean, WTF. Mozilla, you had one job ...


Just to add a few remarks from the discussions below:

  1. As long as Firefox is sponsored by 'we are not a monopoly' Google, they can provide good things for users. Once advertisement becomes a real revenue stream for Mozilla, the Enshittification will start.
  2. For me it is crossing the line when your browser is spying on you and if 'we' accept it, Mozilla will walk down this path.
  3. This will only be an additional data point for companies spying on you, it will replace none of the existing methodologies. Learn about fingerprinting for example
  4. Mozilla needs to make money/find a business model, agreed. Selling you out to advertisement companies cannot be it.
  5. This is a very transparent attempt of Mozilla to be the man in the middle selling ads, despite the story they tell. At that point I can just use Chrome, Edge or Safari, at least Google has expertise and the money to protect my data and sadly Chrome is the most compatible browser (no fault of Mozilla/Firefox of course).
  6. Mozilla massively acts against the interests of their little remaining user base, which is another dumb move made by a leadership team earning millions while kicking out developers and makes me wonder what will be next.

Hello. I released a new version of my theme changing app for Linux.

It adds the feature to (force) set the theme of gnome libadwaita apps without libadwaita patches, among other minor tweaks. Besides that, it can change GTK2/3/4, Kvantum, icon and cursor themes, GTK CSS and some appearance settings across GUI frameworks.

Hope this is useful.



I've noticed something quite odd, but I don't know if the problem come from Linux itself or nginx..

In order to grant nginx access to a directory let say your static see:

These parent directories "/", "/root", "/root/downloads" should give the execute(x) permission to 'www-data' or 'nobody'. i.e.

but it seem not only the direct parent need to be given XX5 but all the chain

for example

└── sub1
    └── sub2
        └── static

it seem you need to set allow others to read and execute 5 all the parents example, sub1, sub2 Why is that !?? I've found it so akward and unsecure ! is there a workaround ?


Linux Myths (
submitted 2 days ago* (last edited 2 days ago) by to c/
Linux Myths

A compilation of linux myths and misconceptions, busted and explained


To catalog and provide useful responses to common linux misconceptions and myths. To serve as a useful reference for new and old users alike.

I'm not affiliated with the website or its creator(s).

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